1999 James A. Fowler
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I. The words "evolution" and "evolve"
are not used in the English translations of the
II. Defining the word "evolution."
A. Derived from two Latin words
e- means "out"
word volvere means "to turn" or "to roll"
B. The basic meaning to the word "evolve"
is therefore to describe "the way things turn out, or
III. Differentiating terminology.
A. Creation - the active process whereby
all that exists, other than the Creator, came into being
self-existent divine source. The existent creation is distinct
from the Creator, and does
of the same essence of the Creator, but is sustained by and contingent
for its intended function.
B. Creationism - a system of thought
associated with Christian fundamentalism with the
of exclusive supernaturalism as the explanation of God's creating
all things in
C. Evolution - the process whereby changes
take place within the created order, and the
of how they thus "turned out, rolled out, or worked out.
Those changes may be
by natural or supernatural processes, either in progressive development
D. Evolutionism - a system of thought
that attributes all changes in the universe to progressively
natural causes alone, allowing only for material and physical
E. Science - derive from the Latin word
scientia, meaning "knowledge" or "understanding,"
is the disciplined efforts of man to know and understand all
that exists around him.
F. Scientism - a system of thought that
is an aberration of true science which isolates and
knowledge within exclusive naturalistic parameters, thus limiting
to empirical observation by sensory perception.
IV. Questions to be considered.
A. Is the process of evolution
contradictory to a Biblical understanding of creation?
B. Does the Biblical record allow
for the process of evolution to have functioned within the
of the formation of the created order?
V. Hebrew words used in the Old Testament.
A. Several words used for formation
of created order.
"to create; to shape"
Gen. 1:1,21,27; 2:3,4
Nothing inherent in the word to imply "create out of nothing".
Biblical understand is not
ex nihilo, but rather ek theos, cf. Rom. 11:36;
I Cor. 8:6.
"to form; to fashion" (like a potter)
"to make; to construct"
Gen. 1:7,16,25,26,31; 2:2,3,4
B. Hebrew word for "day"
Can indicate 24 hour day, or indefinite period of time.
Approximately 25% of usages are figurative.
Gen. 2:4; Ps. 118:24; Isa. 49:8 (II Cor. 6:2); Joel 2:31 (Acts
2:16-21); II Peter 3:8.
of understanding has created polarization.
Bishop Ussher (1581-1656) - from genealogies dated created at
3928 or 4004 B.C.
Henry Morris, Duane Gish, Institute for Creation Research.
Greek philosophers; early church fathers
Geology - plate tectonics, continental drift
Astrophysics - singularity of commencement, relativity, etc.
VI. Evolution and Charles Darwin.
A. Traveled on H.M.S. Beagle to Patagonia,
Chile, Peru, etc.
B. Wrote book, On the Origin of Species
"There is grandeur in this view of life,...having been originally
breathed by the
into a few forms or into one; and from so simple a beginning
endless forms most
and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved."
C. Has Darwin been misrepresented? Darwin's
D. Neo-Darwinian evolutionism - exclusive
naturalism for explanation of origin and operation of
denying the Creator God and all supernaturalism.
VII. The need for a balance.
A. Unfortunate polarization of either/or
thinking, especially between creationism and
B. Increasing scientific evidence that
comes to conclusions that correlate with creation.